Science Fair At School
There should be steps to follow through like swing a tennis racket. At first, students should choose a topic that allows them to do an experiment to answer a question. A science project of an experiment is much more impressive than a demonstration of something the students already know or have read in a book. Students can identify problems around their community, or issues across the country, or even internationally. And, secondly, they need to make a guess, called a hypothesis, about what you think is going to happen when you perform your experiment. Setting up hypothesis is important since it should be verified with data objectively. Further, the purpose of the research should tell why they are doing the science project and what they hope to learn.
Students should read books and articles about the subject you choose. It will be helpful too for reading after experimenting. They need to collect the needed material for the experiment and write the step by step procedure you plan to follow to perform the experiment. Students should write your daily procedure, date, observations, and results in your log or journal. Their study diary should be a handwritten record of their experiment. The research diary should show the observations and the results of their experiment with charts and graphs. In addition, the students can take pictures or make drawings of their experiment.
To prove the results of the experiment it is often necessary to repeat the experiment at least three times or more. Most experiments require more that one test sample or subject. It will be best if the students prove statistically using Student t-test. The study should be designed carefully for executing successfully, so the students may limit and define clearly the variables of the experiment. Each experiment should test only one variable at a time. Each experiment should include a control for comparison. Students should write their conclusion and compare what actually happened compared to the hypothesis. It is fine generally if the hypothesis is proved wrong.
All research, experimenting, collecting, data, and preparing the charts and display must be done by the student. No substantial help is permitted; however, guidance knowledge and encouragement is acceptable. Parents and mentors are encouraged to work with the students to teach the procedures of actually conducting a scientific experiment using the scientific method and ultimately constructing a science project. The student must acknowledge, in writing, any help received with the science project. Remember, this is a learning experience for the student.
The science project experiment must be performed and the display must be prepared by the student during the current school year. Multi-year projects must show a new problem being investigated. The display should show only experimentation performed during the current school year, Include with the display, a current log, as well as, the log from all previous years of a multi-year project.
The science project display should clearly show what the experiment was about and that the scientific method was followed during the experiment. The science project must be displayed on a tri-fold board that may be purchased locally and may be available for purchase at each school. The science project must be set up on a small table, and a card table is recommended.
The drawing of the science project is a guideline of the information that should be shown on the charts. Their display may be different but should include the same information. Their question may also be your title. Photographs, graphs, charts, and drawings should be used to show the procedure, observations, and results of the students’ experiment.
In general, students write their name, grade, and teacher’s name on the back of their science project display. They do not include their name anywhere on the front of the display or their log. Pictures of the exhibitor may be included on the display when they show the student working on his/her science project. Side views are acceptable; face-on posed shots are not acceptable. The exhibitor must have written permission to include pictures of human subjects anywhere on the display.